BOX=ART: Retrogamer and modern video game box art history.


Video game box art and artist history database





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BOX=ART copyright ©2013 Adam Gidney. All rights reserved. Hosted by Dathorn.


BOX=ART is a site dedicated to the history of video game box art/ cover art and the artists responsible for them.

Box arts are profiled using high quality scans and with the intention of acknowledging the men and women who have played such a major role in shaping our gaming experiences.

Not only for video game enthusiasts, BOX=ART is for all who enjoy quality artwork.

All information on this site is through my own findings and is believed to be correct.  Any corrections, errors or admissions that need to be made, or artists that would like to be involved in BOX=ART, please feel free to contact me.

123 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Box art index: Ra - Ru


Artist index: Ra - Ry

BOX=ART index

 >Ra - Ry


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Rainbow Islands by Bob Wakelin.

English artwork. Published by Ocean Software in 1990 for the European market.

Amiga ver. pictured. Also available on: Atari ST, C64, NES, ZX Spectrum.  

Real Deal, The by John Jinks.

North American artwork. Published by Mindscape in 1995 for the European and North American Windows markets.  

Raiders of the Lost Ark by James Kelly.

North American artwork. Published by Atari globally in 1982 for the Atari 2600 market.

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>James Kelly’s cover would score a couple of firsts in gaming history. It being the world’s first movie licensed cover and the first time that a film star was depicted - Harrison Ford.   


Redhawk by Steinar Lund.

English artwork. Published by Melboure House in 1986 for the European market.

C64 ver. pictured. Also available on: Amstrad CPC, ZX Spectrum.  

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Rengoku: The Tower of Purgatory by Jun Suemi.

Japanese artwork. Published by Hudson in 2005 for the Japanese PSP market.

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Rescue at Rigel by George Barr.

North American artwork. Published by Epyx Inc. in 1980 for the North American market.

Atari 400 ver. pictured. Also available on: Apple II, Commodore PET, DOS, PC Booster, TRS-80, VIC-20.  

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Resident Evil (バイオハザード) by Bill Sienkiewicz.

North American artwork. Published by Capcom in 1996 for the European and North American markets.

Windows ver. pictured. Also available of PS1 and Saturn.

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>Capcom would use US comic book artist Sienkiewicz’s cover art for the tie-in comic book released under Marvel a month after the video game.

The character art would be re-used for the following years Resident Evil: Directors Cut.


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Resistance 3 by Olly Moss.

English artwork. Published by Sony Computer Entertainment globally in 2011 for the PS3.  

>Resistance 3’s cover art would see the talented Olly Moss reinvent the series art direction with a simple and provocative take on the post-apocalyptic genre.  It’s style, in the vain of Saul Bass’ iconic poster work, would initially polarise fans used to the rendered hero and bleak stylisation both prequel box arts depicted, but with time it has grown to become a much loved modern cover.   

It’s colouring would make it further standout amidst and grey and brown hues so popular with post millennium box arts, and it’s stylish art direction would be daring for a clichéd industry.  

The alternative cover art (shown) would be the definitive version, the standard cover missing Joseph, and would bring home the gravity of the Chimera’s occupation and the loneliness of our hero’s mission.

Touted at the time as one of the best box arts of year, it has retrospectively become a claim that still holds true.

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Resident Evil 2 (バイオハザード 2 デュアルショックバージョン) by Dai-Chan.

Japanese artwork. Published by Konami in 1998 for the European and North American markets.

PS1 ver. pictured. Also available on: Dreamcast, GameCube, N64, Windows.  

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Return of the Jedi by Steinar Lund.

English artwork. Published by Domark in 1988 for the European market.  

Amiga ver. pictured.  Also availble on: Atari ST, C64.

>The original artwork is a larger more panoramic piece that the box art crops.  It is artist Steinar’s favourite cover that he personally designed.  

Steinar would also be responsible for Domark’s Star Wars game, but missed out on doing the cover for The Empire Strikes Back.

>Pictures from the top - original box art and artist sketches.


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Return of the Jedi: Death Star Battle by John Berkey.

North American artwork. Published by Parker Brothers in 1983 for the European and North American markets.

Atari 5200 ver. pictured. Also available on: Atari 2600, Atari 8-bit, ZX Spectrum.  

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>The Parker Brothers follow up to the worlds first Star Wars game, Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back would be a far more painterly effort by renouned Star Wars illustrator John Berkey. The artwork would also be used to promote the game in magazines across the US, the double page spread conveying a greater sence of the original paintings scale. It is also the first Star Wars box art used in Europe.

Parker Brothers followed up with two further games, Star Wars: The Arcade Game and Star Wars: Jedi Arena.  Both shipped with decidedly weak covers.  

In addition, there are two known box arts of Parker games that never made it past pre-preduction, Star Wars: Revenge of the Jedi Game I and Game II. Game I’s box art depicts the movies opening scene on Tatooine and Game II the movies final scene on Endor  Of interest is that both games use the movies original title, Revenge of the Jedi, and thus point to their early origins.    


Rez by Katsumi Yokota.

Published by Sega in 2001 for the European and Japanese markets.

Dreamcast ver. pictured. Also available on: PS2.  

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Robo Army (ロボ・アーミー) by Shinkiro (Toshiaki Mori).

Japanese artwork. Published by SNK in 1991 for the Japanese market.

Neo Geo AES ver. Pictured. Also available on: Neo Geo CD.

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>This box art is a great example of early Shinkiro cover arts (1991-1993), where the artist’s style was heavily influenced by 80’s anime.

His distinctive character art was shining through (heavy inking and chiseled jawlines!) but it would take a couple of years before and more realistic style that he uses today would be perfected.


Rudra no Hiho (ルドラの秘宝) by Keita Amemiya.

Japanese artwork. Published by Square in 1996 for the Japanese Super Famicom market.

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Rocky (Rocco) by Alfonzo Azpiri.

Spanish artwork. Published by Dinamic Software  in 1985 for the European market.

ZX Spectrum ver. pictured. Also available on: Amstrad CPC, MSX.  

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Robocop by Mike Bryan.

North American artwork. First published by Data East USA globally in 1988.

Atari ST ver. pictured. Also available on: Amiga, Amstrad CPC, Apple II, C64, DOS, Game Boy, NES, TRS-80.  

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>Mike’s original movie poster would be used across the globe and on all formats. It was arguably the first movie poster box art to have mass appeal.


Reversi by Jerrol Richardson.

North American artwork. Published by Mattel Electronics in 1981 for the North American Intellivision market .

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Resident Evil: Deadly Silence (Biohazard: Deadly Silence) by Shinkiro.

Japanese artwork. Published by Konami in 2006 for the Japanese Nintendo DS market.

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Video game series index: R

R-Type.  IREM video game series from 1988-2008.

R-Type | Electric Dreams Software | 1988 | C64 ver.

R-Type | IREM | 1988 | MSX ver | by Naoyuki Kato. (2)

R-Type | IREM | 1991 | EU Game Boy ver.

R-Type | IREM | 1991 | JPN Game Boy ver.

R-Type | IREM | 1991 | NA Game Boy ver.

R-Type | NEC | 1989 | Turbo Grafx-16 ver.

R-Type | Sega | 1988 | EU/ NA Master System ver. (3)

R-Type | Sega | 1988 | JPN Mark III ver.

R-Types | IREM | 1998 | EU/ NA ver.

R-Types | IREM | 1998 | JPN ver.

R-Type II | Activision | 1991 | Amiga ver.

R-Type II | IREM | 1992 | EU/ NA ver.

R-Type III: The Third Lightning | IREM | 1993 | JPN Super Famicom ver.

R-Type III: The Third Lightning | Jaleco USA | 1994 | EU/ NA SNES ver.

R-Type III: The Third Lightning | Destination Software | 2004 | EU/ NA Game Boy Advance ver.

R-Type Complete CD | IREM | 1991 | PC Engine CD ver.

R-Type Delta | IREM | 1998 | JPN/ NA ver.

R-Type Delta | Sony | 2000 | EU ver.

R-Type DX | Nintendo | 1999 | EU/ NA ver.

R-Type DX | Epoch | 1999 | JPN ver.

R-Type Final | IREM | 2003 | JPN ver.

R-Type Final | Eidos | 2004 | EU/ NA ver.

R-Type Part 1 | Hudson Soft | 1988 | PC Engine ver.

R-Type Part 2 | Hudson Soft | 1988 | PC Engine ver.

R-Type Tactics | Atlus USA | 2008 | NA ver. (4)

R-Type Tactics | IREM | 2007 | JPN ver.

R-Type Tactics | Rising Star Games | 2008 | EU ver.

Super R-Type | IREM American Corp | 1991 | NA ver | by Steve Peringer. (1)

Super R-Type | IREM | 1992 | EU ver.





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Ralph Mcquarrie.  North American box artist from 1982-1986.

Star Wars | Broderbund | 1986 | EU/ NA ver.

Vanguard | Atari | 1982.

Range Murta.  Japanese box artist from 1993-2006.

Groove on Fight | Atlus | 1997.

Power instinct | Atlus | 1993 | JPN ver.

Power instinct 2 | Atlus | 1995.

Shin Gōketsuji Ichizoku Tōkon: Matrimelee | SNK Playmore | 2003.

Shin Gōketsuji Ichizoku: Bonnō no Kaihō | Excite japan Co | 2006.

Spy Fiction | Sammy | 2004 | JPN ver.

Taisen Hot Gimmick Kairakuten | Psikyo | 1998.

Taisen Hot Gimmick 3: Digital Surfing | Psikyo | 1999.

Wachenroder | Sega | 1993 | EU/ NA ver.

Rich Shenfield.  English box artist from 1982-1986.

Richard would be part of pioneering publisher Quicksilva’s original line up of cover artists - along with David John Rowe, Susan Rowe and Steinar Lund.

His covers were all designed using airbrush.

He would also take on commissions from Firebird before his untimely death in 1987.

BBC Music Processor | Quicksilva | 1984.

Gryphon | Quicksilva | 1984.

Hive | Firebird Software | 1986.

Metor Storm | Quicksilva | 1982.

Mined-Out | Quicksilva | 1983.  

Ocean Trader | Quicksilva | 1983.

QS Scramble | Quicksilva | 1982.  

Space Intruders | Quicksilva | 1982.

Robert C. Clardy.  North American box artist from 1978-1979.

As with many North American home computer designers in the late 1970’s, Clardy would be wholly responsible his game’s development, which often meant covering box art duties. He has commented that he was never an artist so the crudeness of both credited covers can be excused. It can also be noted that the way in which games were sold then meant strong artwork wasn’t as vital as it would by 1980 when more sophisticated publishers and greater competition started appearing and box arts became painterly and elaborate.     

Dungeon Campaign | Synergistic Software | 1978.  

Wilderness Campaign | Synergistic Software | 1979.  

Robert Grace.  North American box artist in 1996.

Duke Nukem 3D | GT interactive | 1996.

Robert Motzcus.  North American box artist from 1991-2000.

Basketbrawl | Atari | 1992.

Doom | Williams Entertainment | 1995.

Fatal Fury | SNK Corp | 1991 | NA ver.

Powerslave | Playmates Interactive Entertainment | 1996.

Road Rash: Jailbreak | EA | 2000 | EU ver.

Small Soliders: Globotech Design Lab | Hasbro Interactive | 1998.

Rodney Matthews.  English box artist from 1985-1997.

Darius+ | The Edge | 1989.

Fury, The | Martech Games | 1988.

Seas of Blood | Adventure international | 1985.

Shadow Master | Psygnosis | 1997.  

Transarctica (Arctic Baron) | Silmarils | 1993.

Rodney Alan Greenblat.  North American box artist from 1992-2009.

The all-round design and media master would lend his distinctive ‘whimsical and engaging’ art style to the early CD-ROM industry in the ‘90’s, where his flat and colourful characters complimented the pre-3D home computer scene perfectly. He would progress to character designer and overall art director for the hit series Parappa the Rapper (1996-2017) after being requested by the game’s lead musician to come onboard.  This position of creative oversight would be a rare privilege for a western designer at the time, but Rodney has always been a well respected artist in the East.

His style of art arguably suits Japanese taste, with its cheery, bright and somewhat simple look aping Japan’s Kawaii culture.  It has led to a long history of him working for Japanese clients over the years.

Outside of the Parappa series, Rodney was the creative force behind Major Minor’s Majestic March (MMMM, in 2009), his final box art duties to date.

Dazzleoids | Voyager Company | 1994.

Major Minor’s Majestic March | Majesco Entertainment | 2009 | EU ver.

Major Minor’s Majestic March | Majesco Entertainment | 2009 | NA ver.

Major Minor’s Majestic March | Square Enix | 2009 | JPN ver.

Parappa the Rapper | Sony | 1996 | JPN PS1 ver.

Parappa the Rapper | Sony | 1997 | EU PS1 ver.

Parappa the Rapper | Sony | 1997 | NA PS1 ver.

Parappa the Rapper | Sony | 2007 | EU PSP ver.

Parappa the Rapper 2 | Sony | 2001 | EU/ JPN ver.

Parappa the Rapper 2 | Sony | 2002 | NA ver.

Rodney’s Wonder Window | Voyager Company | 1992.

Rodney’s Funscreen | Activision | 1992.

Um Jammer Lammy | Sony | 1999 | EU ver.

Um Jammer Lammy | Sony | 1999 | JPN ver.

Um Jammer Lammy | Sony | 1999 | NA ver.

Roger Dean.  English box artist from 1986-2001.

Born in England in 1944 and studying design between 1961-1968, the artist would begin his career in graphic design and fine art through a commission from British rock trio, The Gun.  The band’s 1968 debut cover art would lead to further commissions from various jazz and rock outfits of the 1970's, with the most notable and influential covers designed for progressive rockers, Yes. 

Dean would start his career in video game box art design by joining Liverpool developer, Psygnosis at the start of the company’s tenure in 1984.  Designing the iconic owl logo and Psygnosis font, Dean would be responsible for the company’s debut box art for Brataccas. It would be a milestone in cover art design and firmly put the studio on the map, not only because of its craftsmanship but also due to the artist’s revered reputation. Follow ups, Deep Space (1986), Barbarian, Terrorpods (both 1987), Chronoquest and Obliterator (both 1988) would all take the imagination of the home computer gamer to fantastical worlds, and help shape the gaming landscape of the 1980's.  

The 1988 port of The Black Onyx for Nintendo's Famicom would be Roger’s first box art to be made available in Japan.  The exclusive cover was quite possibly originally commissioned for the game, due to its creation and the game's logo – now titled The Super Black Onyx - both dating from 1987. It also has the name ‘Freyja's Castle’.   

The following year saw Roger’s highest profile box art, Shadow of the Beast released.  Not only a highlight of the decade but also in box art history, it was framed in a big landscape box, capturing the beauty and gravitas of the metal animal's and baked vista, and shipped with the sought after 'Beast t-shirt'.  It was also Rogers most used box art to date, finding home across a multitude of gaming formats worldwide. Shadow of the Beast II followed in 1990 and started the decade on a lofty high that only a few would reach before cover art duties went to David John Rowe for the final box art in the series. 

The year 1990 saw another logo design for developer Bullet-Proof Software, Henk Roger's company who designed early RPG, The Black Onyx.  Dean would also provide the logo for Henk's follow up company, Blue-Planet Software in 2000. After designing the box art for the Killing Game Show remake, Fatal Frame, for publisher EA (1991), Roger completed his final Psygnosis cover art, Aquaventura, 1992.  

Roger's final box art duties would come at the end of the 1990's when Blue-Planet Software commissioned him in 1999 to rebrand Tetris. It would be Dean's last, thus far, high profile logo design in the industry, and would be seen on many Tetris titles, most notably, Tetris Worlds (2002).    

Roger's box arts could be described as meddling with organic and metallic life. His characters were painted within space and on paths that drew the viewer into the art.  He used strong contrasts of light and dark to add a depth of field, whilst also portraying the shifting of time. Arguably they illustrated a created world in a single picture, a concept that paralleled how Psygnosis designed its games.  

The artist’s favoured medium was acrylic on canvas and today he keeps his art alive through a comprehensive website HERE and printed collections.  









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Aquaventura | Psygnosis | 1992. (1)

Barbarian | Psygnosis | 1987. (6)

Brataccas | Psygnosis |1986. (3)

Chronoquest | Psygnosis | 1988.

Deep Space | Psygnosis | 1986.

Fatal Rewind | Psygnosis | 1991. (7)

Next Tetris, The | Bullet-proof Software | 1999.

Obliterator | Psygnosis | 1988. (8)

Shadow of the Beast | Psygnosis | 1989. (2)

Shadow of the Beast II | Psygnosis | 1990.

Super Black Onyx, The | Bullet-proof Software | 1988.

Terrorpods | Psygnosis | 1987 | with Tim White. (5)

Tetris Worlds | THQ Inc. | 2001. (4)

Rolf Mohr.  British box artist from 1992-1995.

BC Racers | Core Design | 1995.

Curse of Enchantia | Core Design | 1992.  

Dragonstone | Core Design | 1994.

Universe | Core Design | 1994.

Ryogi Minagawa. Japanese box artist in 1994.

Live a Live | Square | 1994.

Ryuta Ueda.  Japanese box artist from 2000-2002.

Jet Grind Radio | Sega | 2000.    

Jet Set Radio | Sega | 2000 | EU ver.

Jet Set Radio | Sega | 2000 | JPN ver.

JSRF: Jet Set Radio Future | Sega | 2002 | EU/ NA ver.

JSRF: Jet Set Radio Future | Sega | 2002 | JPN ver.

Roger Loveless.  North American box artist from 1990-1999.

Battle Chess II: Chinese Chess | EA | 1990.

Blackhole Assault | Bignet USA | 1993 | EU/ NA ver.

Captain Commando | Capcom | 1995 | EU/ NA SNES ver.

Crystal Warriors | Sega | 1992 | NA ver.

Demolition Racer | Infogrammes | 1999 | NA PS1 ver.

Ground Zero Texas | Sony Imagesoft | 1993 | NA ver.

Halley Wars | Taito | 1991 | EU/ NA Game Gear ver.

Jim Power: The Lost Dimension in 3D | Loriciel SA | 1993.

Legend of Kyrandia, The | Virgin Games | 1992 | EU/ NA ver.

Metal Masters | Electro Brain | 1993 | NA Game Boy ver.

Slipheed | Sega | 1993 | NA Sega CD ver.

Suzuka 8 Hours | Namco | 1993 | NA ver.

Target Earth | Dreamworks | 1990 | NA ver.

Vortex | Electro Brain | 1994 | EU/ NA ver.

Rise of the Triad: Dark War by Les Dorscheid.

North American artwork. First published by Apogee in 1994 for the European and North American DOS markets.

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Rocketeer, The by John Rowe.

North American artwork. Published by Information Global Service in 1992 for the North American SNES market.

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>Rowe’s cover art would pay homage to John Mattos’ original North American movie poster (1991). Mattos’ artwork would interestingly be dropped for the film’s worldwide release, after US audiences found it’s 1930’s art deco look too styalised. It would though still be used on the DOS release (1991).  Japan’s Super Famicom cover art and North America’s NES version would adopt the Rocketeer creator’s comic book character art.

Rowe’s artwork was created using acrylic and an airbrush.

>Pictures from the top - Rowe’s SNES box art, Mattos’ DOS box art and Rocketeer creator Dave Steven’s NES box art.  


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Risky Woods by David John Rowe.

English artwork. Published by Electronic Arts in 1992 for the the global Mega Drive/ Genesis markets.

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>One of only a handful of box arts that the prolific European artist would have used in Japan.


Rime by Jose Luis Vaello Bertol.

Spanish artwork. Published by Grey Box globally in 2017.

Nintendo Switch ver. pictured. Also available on: PS4, Xbox One, Windows.  

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